The Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit (KAITC): Top 5 Benefits to Kentucky Investors, Entrepreneurs, Start-Ups, and Small Businesses

As noted in Biz&TaxHax’s prior article, outlining the Top 5 Benefits of the Kentucky Small Business Tax Credit, Kentucky is a great state for entrepreneurs, start-ups, small businesses, and investors alike. The second of this series, this article highlights the top 5 benefits the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit provides for Kentucky investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses. The Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit has wide-ranging application, offering the following key benefits to Kentucky investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses:

  1. The KAITC Incentivizes Investment in Kentucky Start-Ups and Small Businesses.

The stated purpose of the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit is to encourage qualified individual investors to make capital investments in Kentucky small businesses, create additional jobs, and promote the development of new products and technologies in Kentucky. Obviously, for entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses seeking to grow, obtaining necessary capital is a key goal and access to capital can be a significant hurdle. The KAITC provides additional incentive for investors, both in Kentucky and those in other states, to invest their capital in Kentucky entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses.

  1. Broad Eligibility: The Requirements for a Qualifying Investor, Qualified Investment, Qualified Small Business, and Qualified Activity Encompass a Wide Base.

The KAITC is available to Qualified Investors making Qualified Investments in Qualified Small Businesses that are conducting Qualified Activities. That sounds like a lot of qualifiers. But, in reality, the definitions of the terms are not overly restrictive. Below is a summary of the relevant qualifiers:

Qualified Investor: (1) an individual, accredited investor according to Reg. D of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, who (2) holds no more than 20% ownership in and is not employed by the Qualified Small Business prior to making a Qualified Investment in the business, (3) is not the parent, spouse, or child of someone who would fail to satisfy requirement # 2, (4) seeks a financial return on the Qualified Investment, and  (5) has become a Kentucky Economic Development Finance Authority (KEDFA) certified Qualified Investor.

Qualified Investment: (1) a minimum cash investment of $10,000 made by a Qualified Investor in a Qualified Small Business, (2) offered and executed in compliance with all applicable state and federal securities laws and regulations, (3) in exchange for equity interest in the Qualified Small Business, (4) having been pre-approved by the KEDFA as a Qualified Investment.

Qualified Small Business: (1) a legal entity registered and in good standing with the Kentucky Secretary of State and otherwise maintaining all state licenses and other permits required, (2) comprised of 100 or fewer full-time employees, (3) actively and primarily conducting (or planning to conduct upon receiving a Qualified Investment) a Qualified Activity within Kentucky, (4) maintaining more than 50% of its assets, operations, and employees within Kentucky, that (5) either (a) has a net worth of $10 million or less, or (b) has had $3 million or less in net income after federal income taxes for each of the two preceding fiscal years, which (6) has not received investments qualifying for more than $1 million in total angel investor tax credits, and (7) has been pre-certified as a Qualified Small Business by the KEDFA.

Qualified Activity: A knowledge-based activity related to the Office of Entrepreneurship focus areas that include, but are not limited to: Bioscience; Materials Science and Advanced Manufacturing; Environmental and Energy Technology; Information Technology and Communications; and Health and Human Development.

If you are a Kentucky entrepreneur, own a Kentucky start-up, or run a Kentucky small business, there is a good chance your company could become a Qualified Small Business eligible to receive a Qualified Investment from a Qualified Investor. An experienced Kentucky tax lawyer or Kentucky tax consultant can help you navigate the process of applying to become a Kentucky Qualified Small Business, opening your company up to a larger pool of capital sources. Additionally, if you are an investor wishing to invest in Kentucky small businesses, a Kentucky tax attorney or Kentucky tax consultant can help you apply to become a Qualified Investor and take advantage of the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit.

  1. Generous Credit Rate and Up to $200,000 in Credit Each Year.

The Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit provides Qualified Investors a credit of up to 50% (in enhanced incentive counties) or up to 40% (all other counties) of their Qualified Investments. Depending on the amount of the Qualified Investment and the location of the Qualified Small Business, the KAITC can provide up to $200,000 of tax benefit per calendar year.

  1. Carryforward of Unused Credits.

A credit approved under the KAITC program is first applied against any tax due on the return for the calendar year for which the credit was granted. But, if the credit is not fully utilized in the award year, the Qualified Investor may carry forward the remaining amount of credit to offset against tax due for up to the next 15 years. This is important, as often times entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses may not have significant taxable income and tax liability in initial years. This 15 year carry forward enables a Qualified Investor in a Kentucky Qualified Small Business to recognize the benefit of the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit in later years when their investment may be generating more taxable income and thus the investor may have more tax liability.

Biz&TaxHax Tip: The KAITC is a non-refundable credit, meaning that a taxpayer cannot obtain a cash refund for the difference between the credit and the taxpayer’s tax liability for a particular year. Rather, as noted above, the taxpayer may carry forward any unused portion of the credit for offsetting future tax liability, for up to 15 years.

The KAITC is transferrable for out-of-state investors, meaning investors who are located outside Kentucky, who may not have Kentucky tax liability, can still reap the benefit of this tax credit. To do so, a nonresident/out-of-state Qualified Investor may sell its Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit to a Kentucky taxpayer and that Kentucky taxpayer may use the credit to offset Kentucky tax liability.

Biz&TaxHax Tip: A nonresident Qualified Investor who wishes to transfer the KAITC to a Kentucky taxpayer must follow certain procedures outlined by the Kentucky Department of Revenue. So, it is best to consult an experienced Kentucky tax lawyer or Kentucky tax consultant to ensure proper transfer of the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit.

As always, for investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and small businesses considering eligibility for the Kentucky Angel Investment Tax Credit and related planning, as well as Kentucky tax reporting and payment obligations, it is best to consult an experienced Kentucky tax attorney or Kentucky tax consultant. A Kentucky tax lawyer or Kentucky tax consultant can fully evaluate your facts and circumstances along with applicable law and guidance to develop the most effective, efficient, and proper solution to your Kentucky tax compliance and planning needs.

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